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1. Cells constitutes the nervous system mainly include neuron and glia.

2. The activity of nervous system is carried out through reflex.

3. Nerve fiber has two major functions: nerve conduction and axoplasmic transportation.

4. According to the mediator of transmembrane signal transduction, receptors can be classified into inotropic and metabotropic receptors.

5. Presynaptic inhibition is mainly due to chloride efflux out of presynaptic terminal and its partial depolarization.

6. Reflex can be roughly divided into unconditioned and conditioned reflexes.

7. Nociceptor belongs to chronic/slow adaptation receptor.

8. Special sensory projection system ends in postcentral gyrus.

9. Rod and cone systems are sensitive to dark and color visions, respectively.

10. The three colors in the trichromatic theory are blue, green, and red.

11. Cochlear traveling wave theory explains the mechanism underlying hearing.

12. The primary motor area of cerebral cortex is located at precentral gyrus.

13. Neurotransmitter released from the substantia nigra to the striatum is dopamine.

14. Vestibulaocerebellum, spinocerebellum and corticocerebellum mainly have the functions of equilibrium and postural movements, smooth and coordinated movements, and planning movements, respectively.

15. Sympathetic and the parasympathetic nervous systems belong to autonomic system and mainly control visceral activity.

16. Feeding, drinking and sexual behaviors belong to instinctive behavior.

17. Wakefulness can be detected by the presence of α and β waves in the electroencephalograph.

18. Broca area and Wernicke area are the center of speech and language comprehension, respectively.


2016年12月28日

Chapter 9 Functions of the Nervous System-Review question II
Functions of the Nervous System-Guidance I

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