1.  What is the general process of neural activity?

  2. How do you define the nervous system?

  3. What are the three major components of the neurovascular unit?

  4. Pleas briefly describe the classification of the nervous system.

  5. What do you know about neurons?

  6. Please list 7 functions of neurons.

  7. What is the major difference in nerve conduction between myelinated and unmyelinated axons?

  8. Please list 5 features of nerve conduction.

  9. What are the three major components of a chemical synapse?

  10. What is neurotransmitter?

  11. Please list at least 6 types of neurontransmitters.

  12. What is the major difference between neurons and glia?

  13. Briefly describe the major functions of different types of glial cells.

  14. Please briefly describe the process of synaptic transmission.

  15. What is a receptor of neurotransmitters?

  16. What is the difference between ionotropic and metabotropic receptors, explain with examples?

  17. What are the differences in the distribution and functions between cholinergic and adrenergic receptors in peripheral nervous system?

  18. What is the difference between local currents and action potentials?

  19. What is the difference between EPSPs and IPSPs?

  20. How do you explain the occurrence of presynaptic inhibition?

  21. What is the characteristic of synaptic transmission?

  22. What is a reflex?

  23. What is the difference between conditioned and unconditioned reflex, explain with examples?

  24. How does an unconditioned reflex become a conditioned reflex?

  25. What is the feature of excitation and propagation in the CNS?

  26. Please present three examples of conditioned reflex and describe its reflex arc.

  27. Briefly describe the process of sensation generation.

  28. What is the physiological feature of sensory receptor?

  29. Please list 5 types of sensory receptors.

  30. How do sensory signal code and process in the afferent pathway?

  31. What is the difference in transduction of sensory information between spinothalamic tract and dorsal columns?

  32. Please name the three relay neurons in the two major somatosensory afferent pathways.

  33. What do you know about the thalamic sensory relay nuclei?

  34. What is the difference between the specific and non-specific projection systems?

  35. What is the difference in transduction of sensory information between somatic and visceral sensory system?

  36. What do you know about the somatosensory areas in the cortex?

  37. What do you know about the spatial orietation of signals from different parts of the body in somatosensory cortex I?

  38. How do you define Pain?

  39. What is the difference between somatic and visceral apins?

  40. What is the mechanism in which referred pain generate?

  41. Briefly describe the function of cornea, iris, retina, cilary muscle, pupil and aqueous humor.

  42. To see near objects, what kinds of reflexes are necessary?

  43. What is the spectrum of visible lights?

  44. What is the afferent pathway of visual signals?

  45. Where is the location of visual cortex?

  46. What is the function of eyes' refractory system? How many diopters does normal eyes have?

  47. What is the meaning of visual acuity?

  48. What is the near reflex?

  49. What is the reflex arc of a near reflex?

  50. What is pupillary reflex and what is its reflex arc?

  51. What is the efferent pathway mediating pupil dilation when sympathetic nerves are excited during stress?

  52. How should you correct myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism and presbyopia?

  53. What is the pathway of ocular fluid circulation?

  54. Please name two types of photoreceptor cells in the eyes?

  55. What is the difference between rod and cone cells in the retina?

  56. How do action potentials occur in the ganglionic cells in response to light stimulation?

  57. Using rod response to light as an example, describe the cellular mechanism underlying generator potential occurrence.

  58. What is trichromatic theory?

  59. Why can the eyes adapt to light and dark?



2017年12月03日

Functions of the Nervous System-Guidance II
Functions of the Nervous System-Brief question II

上一篇

下一篇

Functions of the Nervous System-Brief question I

Physiological Courses for International Students of Class 2016
姓名、学号
内容
邮箱
本网站由阿里云提供云计算及安全服务